Russia

Did you know?

Russia’s Hermitage Museum is so big that it would take you 6 years to see everything inside even if you spend just 2 minutes at each exhibit. This museum also employees around 50 cats so that they can protect the work of art from rats and mice.

Europe’s largest city, world’s largest fortress, world’s longest railway and world’s coldest village is in Russia. It is so big that they have 11 time zones.

More about Russia:

ContinentEurope
Area17.1 million sq. km (1st in the world)
Capital CityMoscow
GovernmentMonarchy
Official LanguageRussian
Father of NationPeter I The Great
CurrencyRussian Ruble
National FlowerChamomile
National AnimalEurasian brown bear
National BirdEagle
National DishPelmeni
National SportsBandy (Russian Hockey)
Dominant ReligionOrthodox Christianity
Population146.46 million (2023)
Per Capita Income7,874 USD (2022)

Short History:

Once upon a time in the vast expanse of Eastern Europe, the story of Russia began. Picture a medieval landscape, where the state of Kievan Rus laid the foundations, influenced by Viking settlers and the richness of Byzantine culture.

In the 13th century, the Mongols swept in, casting a shadow known as the “Mongol Yoke” over Russia for almost two centuries. Amidst this subjugation, Moscow emerged as a beacon of resilience, a crucial principality guiding the destiny of the land.

Enter Ivan IV, or Ivan the Terrible, the first Tsar in the 16th century. Under his rule, Russia expanded its borders and underwent military modernization. Yet, this period also marked the beginning of internal strife, leading to the turbulent era known as the Time of Troubles.

Hope came in the form of the Romanov dynasty in 1613, ushering in stability and laying the groundwork for the mighty Russian Empire. Fast forward to Peter the Great, who in the late 17th and early 18th centuries, embarked on ambitious Western-style reforms, transforming Russia and erecting the splendid city of St. Petersburg.

The 18th and 19th centuries witnessed the imperial reach of Russia, with leaders like Catherine the Great and Alexander II leaving indelible marks on its canvas. Then came the seismic shift of 1917—the Russian Revolution—and the birth of the Soviet Union, an era marked by Lenin, Stalin, and radical social change.

World War II brought both tragedy and heroism, as Russia stood resilient against the Nazi onslaught, enduring immense sacrifices. The post-war period ushered in the Cold War, with the Soviet Union engaging in a global power struggle with the United States.

But the tale took an unexpected turn in 1991, as the Soviet Union dissolved, and Russia emerged as an independent nation. The ensuing years witnessed economic and political transitions, shaping the contemporary Russia we know today.

From the iconic onion domes of the Kremlin to the vast expanses of Siberia, Russia’s story is a complex mosaic—a blend of triumphs, tragedies, and the indomitable spirit of its people, ever-evolving through the ages.