Romania

Did you know?

Romania comes from the word “Romanus” which means citizens of Roman Empire and is home to world’s tallest wooden church.

It has the highest number of brown bears in entire Europe, even more than Russia. It was the first Communist country to ever win the European Cup

More about Romania:

ContinentEurope
Area238,397 sq. km (83rd in the world)
Capital CityBucharest
GovernmentDemocratic
Official LanguageRomanian
Father of NationMichael I
CurrencyRomanian Leu
National FlowerThe Peony
National AnimalLynx
National BirdGreat white pelican
National DishSarmale
National SportsOina (Similar to baseball)
Dominant ReligionOrthodox Catholic
Population19 million (2023)
Per Capita Income12,278 USD (2022)

Short History:

Romania’s history is a compelling narrative shaped by a blend of ancient civilizations, medieval realms, and modern transformations. The region’s roots trace back to the Dacians, Thracians, and later, Roman colonization in the 2nd century AD.

The Roman Empire left a lasting imprint, influencing language, culture, and governance. The medieval period saw the emergence of various principalities, including Wallachia and Moldavia, which often contended with Ottoman influence.

The 19th century brought about the unification of these principalities, leading to the creation of modern Romania in 1859. The country played a role in World War I, contributing to the defeat of the Central Powers. The interwar period witnessed political upheavals, and Romania ultimately joined the Axis powers during World War II. Post-war, the nation fell under communist rule until the 1989 Revolution, which marked the end of the oppressive regime.

Romania subsequently embarked on a path of democratization, joining NATO in 2004 and the European Union in 2007. Today, Romania stands as a vibrant European nation with a rich cultural heritage, reflecting its journey through diverse historical epochs.