El Salvador

Did you know?

El Salvador is smaller than the state of Massachusetts, making it the smallest country in Central America. It is also called the land of Volcanos with more than 100 volcanos with 20 of them being active ones.

90 percent of El Salvadorans are descendants of Spanish and Indian ancestors. It is also the only country in Central America to have no visible population of Africans descent.

More about El Salvador:

ContinentNorth America
Area21,041 sq. km (152nd in the world)
Capital CitySan Salvador
GovernmentRepublic Democratic
Official LanguageSpanish
Father of NationJosé Matias Delgado
CurrencyUS dollar
National FlowerIzote
National AnimalTurquoise-browed motmot
National BirdTorogoz
National DishPupusa
National SportsFootball
Dominant ReligionCatholic
Population6.4 million (2023)
Per Capita Income4,276 USD (2022)

Short History:

El Salvador’s history is a tapestry woven with indigenous roots, colonial influences, and a complex journey towards modernity. The indigenous Pipil people inhabited the region before the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century. The area became part of the Captaincy General of Guatemala under Spanish rule.

In the 19th century, El Salvador joined the Central American Federation but later seceded in 1838, leading to its independent status. The country experienced social and economic disparities, marked by a concentration of power among a few elites.

The 20th century witnessed political upheavals, including a brief but impactful period of military rule. The Salvadoran Civil War (1979-1992) left a profound impact, with significant social and economic repercussions. Since the war’s end, El Salvador has navigated the challenges of post-conflict reconstruction, economic development, and ongoing efforts to strengthen democratic institutions.

Today, El Salvador is a nation striving for stability and progress in a dynamic global landscape.