Cuba

Did you know?

Cuba was declared as atheist nation and had banned Christmas for 30 years before Pope John Paul II’s historic visit put an end to it.

Literacy Rate in the country is 96.7%, much higher than many 1st world countries including the Uni­ted States and the United Kingdom. I think that’s why they have one of lowest crime rates in the world.

More about Cuba:

ContinentNorth America
Area109,884 sq. km (134th in the world)
Capital CityCuba
GovernmentSocialist
Official LanguageSpanish
Father of NationCarlos Manuel de Céspedes
CurrencyCuban Peso
National FlowerWhite Mariposa
National AnimalRed squirrel
National BirdCuban Trogon
National DishRopa Vieja
National SportsBaseball
Dominant ReligionRoman Catholic
Population11.2 million (2023)
Per Capita Income7,292 USD (2022)

Short History:

Alright, gather ’round for the wild ride that is Cuba’s history. So, picture this: before Columbus set sail, indigenous people called the Taíno were living it up on the island. Then, bam, Spanish colonization happened in the 15th century, bringing sugar, slavery, and all that jazz.

Fast forward, and Cuba becomes a key player in the whole pirate escapade during the Golden Age of Piracy. Pirates were basically having beach parties and burying treasure – Captain Jack Sparrow would’ve fit right in.

The 19th century rolls in, and Cuba’s sugar game is strong, but the locals aren’t too thrilled with Spanish rule. Cue the Cuban War of Independence in the late 1800s. The U.S. jumps into the mix during the Spanish-American War, and voila, Cuba’s kinda-sorta independent, but with a little Uncle Sam influence.

Then, the 20th century hits, and Cuba’s having a party, literally. The 1950s are all about Havana nights, casinos, and the one and only Fidel Castro. He rolls in with the Revolution, cigars, and the iconic beard. Cuba becomes a socialist state, and things get a bit tense with the U.S., especially during the Cuban Missile Crisis – talk about a close call.

Time goes on, and Cuba becomes a symbol of resilience, with its share of ups and downs. There’s the fall of the Soviet Union, some economic struggles, and a dash of Buena Vista Social Club vibes. Fast forward to the 21st century, and Cuba’s still dancing to its own rhythm, navigating a changing world with a mix of history, culture, and that indomitable Cuban spirit. ¡Viva Cuba!